美国收紧半导体高科技出口限制打击中国

商务部收紧技术出口限制打击中国、俄罗斯和委内瑞拉军事规避努力

美国商务部今天宣布采取新的出口管制行动,以防止中国、俄罗斯和委内瑞拉的实体努力获取美国技术,该技术可用于通过民用供应链或民用幌子开发武器、军用飞机或监视技术,用于军事终端用途和军事最终用户。

美国商务部长威尔伯·罗斯(Wilbur Ross)表示:"考虑与有从美国公司购买的商品用于军事用途的历史国家做生意的后果非常重要。"中国、俄罗斯和委内瑞拉的某些实体试图规避美国的出口管制,损害美国的总体利益,因此,我们将保持警惕,确保美国技术不会落入坏人之手。

具体而言,规则更改包括:

扩大军事最终用户/用户控制 (MEU)

扩大了对中国、俄罗斯和委内瑞拉的 MEU 许可证要求控制,以涵盖所有三个国家的军事最终用户,以及半导体设备、传感器和其他寻求军事最终用途或这些国家/地区军事最终用户的技术。

删除许可证例外民事最终用户 (CIV)

删除向国家安全关注国家/地区/国家安全(NS) 控制项目的国家/地区向

民用最终用户出口、再出口或转让(国内)的许可例外。

取消许可证例外 附加允许再出口 (APR) 条款

建议取消对合作伙伴国家/地区的许可证例外的某些规定,涉及将 NS 控制的物品再出口到国家安全关注的国家/地区,以确保对美国商品的出口和再出口进行一致的审查。

商务部工业与安全局负责监督这些出口管制活动。国际国际安全局的使命是通过确保有效的出口管制和条约遵守制度,促进美国持续的战略技术领导地位,推进美国的国家安全和外交政策目标。国际国际投资中心承诺限制美国产的商品和技术用于支持大规模杀伤性武器项目、恐怖主义或破坏军事现代化计划。

The Department of Commerce announced today new export control actions to prevent efforts by entities in China, Russia, and Venezuela to acquire U.S. technology that could be used in development of weapons, military aircraft, or surveillance technology through civilian supply chains, or under civilian-use pretenses, for military end uses and military end-users.

"It is important to consider the ramifications of doing business with countries that have histories of diverting goods purchased from U.S. companies for military applications," said Department of Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross. "Certain entities in China, Russia, and Venezuela have sought to circumvent America’s export controls, and undermine American interests in general, and so we will remain vigilant to ensure U.S. technology does not get into the wrong hands."

Specifically, the rule changes include:

Expansion of Military End Use/User Controls (MEU)

Expands MEU license requirements controls on China, Russia, and Venezuela to cover military end-users in all three countries, as well as items such as semiconductor equipment, sensors, and other technologies sought for military end use or by military end-users in these countries.

Removal of License Exception Civil End Users (CIV)

Removes a license exception for exports, reexports, or transfers (in-country) to civilian

end-users in countries of national security concern for National Security- (NS) controlled items.

Elimination of License Exception Additional Permissive Reexports (APR) Provisions

Proposes to eliminate certain provisions of a license exception for partner countries involving the reexport of NS-controlled items to countries of national security concern to ensure consistent reviews of exports and reexports of U.S. items.

The Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) in the Department of Commerce is responsible for overseeing these export control activities. BIS’s mission is to advance U.S. national security and foreign policy objectives by ensuring an effective export control and treaty compliance system and promoting continued U.S. strategic technology leadership. BIS is committed to restrict U.S.-origin commodities and technology from use in support of Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) projects, terrorism, or destabilizing military modernization programs.

美国限制了 , 中国芯片就能涨?

$芯片概念(BK0586)$ $紫光国微(SZ002049)$ $北京君正(SZ300223)$

雪球转发:3回复:22喜欢:4

精彩评论

l股市小韭菜04-28 16:44

我认为五千年来中国是最人畜无害的国家打打杀杀也只在内部搞搞为什么美国非要立一个敌人

知行贯彻合一04-29 01:35

不找外敌,就要开始阶级斗争了

夏天午后的阳光04-28 22:13

美国树立一个敌人符合军火商利益,美国自己要一流军火,盟友用二流军火,奴才用淘汰军火,比如日本用指定二流武器,湾湾只能买过时淘汰的武器,废物利用,一鸡三吃。

泽洪00104-29 06:39

中国是无害的,但是美国的历史是侵略来的,人才也是二战的时候抢去的,黑奴也是侵略的,美国历史上就是强盗

瑞瑞悦悦爸04-28 15:27

这文章翻译的是体育老师教的吧!

全部评论

大ebw05-04 18:01

长工没了,地主没饭吃怎么办?

無心_心無04-29 21:36

希望,但芯片没有革命性突破很难,除非完全不管知识产权。

不懂2cn04-29 21:34

我们自己的科技终会超越他人

知行贯彻合一04-29 10:28

你高估清教徒了,他们只是“感恩上帝赐予我们丰饶的大地”

富拥天下04-29 10:10

你忽视了意识形态的问题